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World Neurosurg. 2017 May;101:343-349. doi: 10.1016/j.wneu.2017.01.123. Epub 2017 Feb 9.

Spontaneous Intracranial Hypotension: A Review and Introduction of an Algorithm For Management.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Division of Neurosurgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: benjaminandrewdavidson@gmail.com.
2
Department of Surgery, Division of Neurosurgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
3
Department of Surgery, Division of Neurosurgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Anesthesia, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
4
Department of Surgery, Division of Neurosurgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; Department of Medical Imaging, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is a condition of low cerebrospinal fluid volume and pressure caused by a leak of cerebrospinal fluid through a dural defect. Diagnosis and management can be difficult, often requiring coordination between multiple disciplines for myelography, blood patching, and possible surgical repair. Patients should be monitored closely, because they can deteriorate into a coma or even death. There are no widely accepted guidelines for the management of SIH.

METHODS AND CONCLUSIONS:

We review the existing SIH literature, illustrate management challenges via a case review, and propose an algorithm developed by neurosurgeons, radiologists, and anesthesiologists intended to simplify and streamline the management of SIH.

KEYWORDS:

Algorithm; Blood patch; CSF leak; Myelography; Orthostatic; Spontaneous intracranial hypotension; Trendelenberg

PMID:
28192268
DOI:
10.1016/j.wneu.2017.01.123
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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