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Vet J. 2017 Feb;220:88-90. doi: 10.1016/j.tvjl.2017.01.006. Epub 2017 Jan 10.

Monitoring equine head-related pain with the Equine Utrecht University scale for facial assessment of pain (EQUUS-FAP).

Author information

1
Department of Equine Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 114, NL-3584 CM Utrecht, The Netherlands. Electronic address: j.p.a.m.vanloon@uu.nl.
2
Department of Equine Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Utrecht University, Yalelaan 114, NL-3584 CM Utrecht, The Netherlands; Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ghent University, Salisburylaan 133, 9820 Merelbeke, Belgium; Department of Veterinary Sciences Antwerp University, Universiteitsplein 1, 2610 Wilrijk - Antwerp, Belgium.

Abstract

This study validates a recently described pain scale, the Equine Utrecht University scale for facial assessment of pain (EQUUS-FAP), in horses with acute or postoperative pain originating from the head, including dental pain, ocular pain, or trauma to the skull. This cohort study of 23 horses with head-related pain and 23 normal, healthy controls revealed significant differences in EQUUS-FAP scores between control horses and horses with acute or postoperative pain (P <0.001). Moreover, pain scores after surgery decreased significantly over time (P <0.001). The scale showed good inter-observer reliability (intra-class correlation coefficient = 0.92), sensitivity (80%), specificity (78%), and positive (80%) and negative predictive values (78%).

KEYWORDS:

Dental; Equine; Facial; Pain originating from head; Pain scale

PMID:
28190503
DOI:
10.1016/j.tvjl.2017.01.006
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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