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Insect Biochem Mol Biol. 2017 Apr;83:13-20. doi: 10.1016/j.ibmb.2017.02.003. Epub 2017 Feb 9.

An integrated CRISPR Bombyx mori genome editing system with improved efficiency and expanded target sites.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Silkworm Genome Biology, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400716 PR China; Chongqing Engineering and Technology Research Center for Novel Silk Materials, Southwest University, 2, Tiansheng Road, Beibei, Chongqing 400716, China.
2
State Key Laboratory of Silkworm Genome Biology, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400716 PR China.
3
State Key Laboratory of Silkworm Genome Biology, Southwest University, Chongqing, 400716 PR China; Chongqing Engineering and Technology Research Center for Novel Silk Materials, Southwest University, 2, Tiansheng Road, Beibei, Chongqing 400716, China. Electronic address: xiaqy@swu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Genome editing enabled unprecedented new opportunities for targeted genomic engineering of a wide variety of organisms ranging from microbes, plants, animals and even human embryos. The serial establishing and rapid applications of genome editing tools significantly accelerated Bombyx mori (B. mori) research during the past years. However, the only CRISPR system in B. mori was the commonly used SpCas9, which only recognize target sites containing NGG PAM sequence. In the present study, we first improve the efficiency of our previous established SpCas9 system by 3.5 folds. The improved high efficiency was also observed at several loci in both BmNs cells and B. mori embryos. Then to expand the target sites, we showed that two newly discovered CRISPR system, SaCas9 and AsCpf1, could also induce highly efficient site-specific genome editing in BmNs cells, and constructed an integrated CRISPR system. Genome-wide analysis of targetable sites was further conducted and showed that the integrated system cover 69,144,399 sites in B. mori genome, and one site could be found in every 6.5 bp. The efficiency and resolution of this CRISPR platform will probably accelerate both fundamental researches and applicable studies in B. mori, and perhaps other insects.

KEYWORDS:

Bombyx mori; Cas9; Cpf1; Editing efficiency; Genome editing; Target site

PMID:
28189747
DOI:
10.1016/j.ibmb.2017.02.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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