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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2017 Mar 25;485(1):152-159. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.02.040. Epub 2017 Feb 9.

Decreased linear ubiquitination of NEMO and FADD on apoptosis with caspase-mediated cleavage of HOIP.

Author information

1
Department of Pathobiochemistry, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, Osaka 545-8585, Japan.
2
Department of Pathobiochemistry, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka City University, Osaka 545-8585, Japan. Electronic address: ftokunaga@med.osaka-cu.ac.jp.

Abstract

NF-κB is crucial to regulate immune and inflammatory responses and cell survival. LUBAC generates a linear ubiquitin chain and activates NF-κB through ubiquitin ligase (E3) activity in the HOIP subunit. Here, we show that HOIP is predominantly cleaved by caspase at Asp390 upon apoptosis, and that is subjected to proteasomal degradation. We identified that FADD, as well as NEMO, is a substrate for LUBAC. Although the C-terminal fragment of HOIP retains NF-κB activity, linear ubiquitination of NEMO and FADD decreases upon apoptosis. Moreover, the N-terminal fragment of HOIP binds with deubiquitinases, such as OTULIN and CYLD-SPATA2. These results indicate that caspase-mediated cleavage of HOIP divides critical functional regions of HOIP, and that this regulates linear (de)ubiquitination of substrates upon apoptosis.

KEYWORDS:

Apoptosis; Caspase; Deubiquitinase; NF-κB; Ubiquitin

PMID:
28189684
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2017.02.040
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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