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Br J Neurosurg. 1989;3(5):533-9.

Extradural haematoma in infants.

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Department of Paediatric Neurosurgery, Hôpital des Enfants, La Timone, Marseille, France.


The clinical and operative findings of 40 infants treated for Extradural Haematomas (EDH) between 1960 and 1988 are presented. This series represents 19% of the total number of children with EDH during this period. Twenty-five (63%) were male, fifteen (37%) female. They were divided into three groups according to age for comparison. Group A, less than 6 months (11 cases); group B, 7-12 months (16 cases); and group C, 13-24 months (13 cases). Sixteen (40%) resulted from falls less than 1 m. Seven (17.5%) fell whilst walking. Twelve (30%) fell more than 1 m. Two EDH followed obstetric trauma, three occurred as a result of a road traffic accident. A lucid interval was identified in 30 cases, and in 15 it was longer than 24 h. Drowsiness (60%), and delayed vomiting (45%), were the most important symptoms. Anaemia occurred in 19 (47.5%). Thirty-six (90%) had abnormal skull X-rays. Thirty (75%) EDH were parietal, temporal, or temporo-parietal. Two were located in the posterior fossa. There were no frontal EDH in this series in contrast to that found in older children. Twenty-seven (67.5%) EDH were larger than 75 cc in volume. The source of bleeding was identified in 31; in 17 (42.5%) it was from the middle meningeal artery; in 11 (27.5%) from the bone; and in three (7.5%) from the dural surface. The mortality was 12.5% with a 15% morbidity rate, three infants (7.5%), suffering motor deficits, and three requiring medical treatment for epilepsy.

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