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Atten Percept Psychophys. 2017 May;79(4):1107-1122. doi: 10.3758/s13414-017-1277-x.

Memory and learning for visual signals in time and space.

Author information

1
Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, 02453, USA.
2
Indiana University, Bloomington, IN, 47405, USA.
3
Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, 02453, USA. vision@brandeis.edu.

Abstract

Vision is often characterized as a spatial sense, but what does that characterization imply about the relative ease of processing visual information distributed over time rather than over space? Three experiments addressed this question, using stimuli comprising random luminances. For some stimuli, individual items were presented sequentially, at 8 Hz; for other stimuli, individual items were presented simultaneously, as horizontal spatial arrays. For temporal sequences, subjects judged whether each of the last four luminances matched the corresponding luminance in the first four; for spatial arrays, they judged whether each of the right-hand four luminances matched the corresponding left-hand luminance. Overall, performance was far better with spatial presentations, even when the entire spatial array was presented for just tens of milliseconds. Experiment 2 demonstrated that there was no gain in performance from combining spatial and temporal information within a single stimulus. In a final experiment, particular spatial arrays or temporal sequences were made to recur intermittently, interspersed among, non-recurring stimuli. Performance improved steadily as particular stimulus exemplars recurred, with spatial and temporal stimuli being learned at equivalent rates. Logistic regression identified several shortcut strategies that subjects may have exploited while performing our task.

KEYWORDS:

Ensemble statistics; Incidental learning; Short-term memory; Spatial stimuli; Temporal stimuli; Vision

PMID:
28185226
DOI:
10.3758/s13414-017-1277-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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