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Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2017 Apr;295(4):1015-1024. doi: 10.1007/s00404-017-4294-z. Epub 2017 Feb 9.

Natural conception rates in subfertile couples following fertility awareness training.

Author information

1
Department of Gynecological Endocrinology and Fertility Disorders, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 440, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany. petra.frank-herrmann@med.uni-heidelberg.de.
2
Department of Gynecological Endocrinology and Fertility Disorders, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 440, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.
3
Department for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center, Langenbeckstr. 1, 55131, Mainz, Germany.
4
Section Natural Fertility, German Society of Gynecological Endocrinology and Fertility Medicine, University of Heidelberg, Im Neuenheimer Feld 440, 69120, Heidelberg, Germany.
5
National Perinatal Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Public Health, University of Oxford, Old Rd, Oxford, OX3 7LF, UK.
6
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, University of Dresden, Fetscherstraße 74, 01307, Dresden, Germany.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To analyze cumulative pregnancy rates of subfertile couples after fertility awareness training.

METHODS:

A prospective observational cohort study followed 187 subfertile women, who had received training in self-observation of the fertile phase of the menstrual cycle with the Sensiplan method, for 8 months. The women, aged 21-47 years, had attempted to become pregnant for 3.5 years on average (range 1-8 years) before study entry. Amenorrhea, known tubal occlusion and severe male factor had been excluded. An additional seven women, who had initially been recruited, became pregnant during the cycle immediately prior to Sensiplan training: this is taken to be the spontaneous pregnancy rate per cycle in the cohort in the absence of fertility awareness training.

RESULTS:

The cumulative pregnancy rate of subfertile couples after fertility awareness training was 38% (95% CI 27-49%; 58 pregnancies) after eight observation months, which is significantly higher than the estimated basic pregnancy rate of 21.6% in untrained couples in the same cohort. For couples who had been seeking to become pregnant for 1-2 years, the pregnancy rate increased to 56% after 8 months. A female age above 35 (cumulative pregnancy rate 25%, p = 0.06), couples who had attempted to become pregnant for more than 2 years (cumulative pregnancy rate 17%, p < 0.01), all significantly reduce the chances of conceiving naturally at some point.

CONCLUSIONS:

Training women to identify their fertile window in the menstrual cycle seems to be a reasonable first-line therapy in the management of subfertility.

KEYWORDS:

Fertility awareness method; Natural family planning; Pregnancy rate; Sensiplan; Subfertility

PMID:
28185073
DOI:
10.1007/s00404-017-4294-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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