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Public Health Nutr. 2017 Jun;20(8):1393-1404. doi: 10.1017/S1368980016003645. Epub 2017 Feb 10.

Regular breakfast consumption is associated with higher blood vitamin status in adolescents: the HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study.

Author information

1
1ImFINE Research Group,Department of Health and Human Performance,Technical University of Madrid,C/ Martín Fierro 7,E-28040 Madrid,Spain.
2
2Department of Medical Physiology,School of Medicine,Granada University,Granada,Spain.
3
3UMR995, Faculty of Medicine,University of Lille,CHRU,Lille,France.
4
5Agricultural Research Council-Food and Nutrition Research Centre (CRA-NUT),Rome,Italy.
5
6Department of Nutrition and Dietetics,School of Health Science and Education,Harokopio University,Athens,Greece.
6
7Department of Public Health,Ghent University,Ghent,Belgium.
7
8Department of Pediatrics,Private Medical University,Salzburg,Austria.
8
9Preventive Medicine and Nutrition Unit,University of Crete School of Medicine,Heraklion,Crete,Greece.
9
10Research Institute of Child Nutrition Dortmund,Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms Universität,Bonn,Germany.
10
12Growth, Exercise,Nutrition and Development (GENUD) Research Group, Faculty of Health Sciences,University of Zaragoza,Zaragoza,Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The present study aimed to examine the association between different breakfast consumption patterns and vitamin intakes and blood vitamin concentrations in European adolescents.

DESIGN:

Breakfast consumption was assessed by a questionnaire. Vitamin intake was calculated from two 24 h recalls. Blood vitamin and total homocysteine (tHcy) concentrations were analysed from fasting blood samples.

SETTING:

The European Commission-funded HELENA (Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence) Study.

SUBJECTS:

Participants were 1058 (52·8 % females) European adolescents (aged 12·5-17·5 years) from ten cities.

RESULTS:

Lower vitamin D and vitamin C concentrations were observed in male and female breakfast skippers than in consumers (P<0·05). Female breakfast consumers presented higher holo-transcobalamin and lower tHcy (P<0·05), while males had higher cobalamin concentrations, compared with skippers (P<0·05). Higher vitamin D and total folate intakes were observed in adolescents who consumed breakfast compared with skippers (P<0·05). Likewise, female consumers had higher intakes of vitamin B6 and vitamin E than occasional consumers (P<0·05).

CONCLUSIONS:

Regular breakfast consumption is associated with higher blood vitamin D and cobalamin concentrations in males and with higher vitamin D and holo-transcobalamin and lower tHcy concentrations in females. Moreover, breakfast consumption is associated with high intakes of vitamin D and total folate in both sexes, and with high intakes of vitamin B6 and vitamin E in females.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescents; Breakfast; Vitamin D

PMID:
28183371
DOI:
10.1017/S1368980016003645
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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