Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Nurs Pract. 2017 Jun;23(3). doi: 10.1111/ijn.12532. Epub 2017 Feb 7.

Effects of foot massage applied in two different methods on symptom control in colorectal cancer patients: Randomised control trial.

Author information

Faculty of Health Science, Department of Nursing, İnternal Medicine Nursing, Yıldrım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey.
Faculty of Health Science, Department of Nursing, İnternal Medicine Nursing, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey.
Department of Radiation Oncology, Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtarslan Oncology Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.


This randomized controlled clinical study aimed to determine the effect of 2 foot massage methods on symptom control in people with colorectal cancer who received chemoradiotherapy. Data were collected between June 16, 2015, and February 10, 2016, in the Department of Radiation Oncology of an oncology training and research hospital. The sample comprised 60 participants. Data were collected using an introductory information form, common terminology criteria for adverse events and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaires C30 and CR29. Participants were randomly allocated to 3 groups: classical foot massage, reflexology, and standard care control. The classical massage group received foot massage using classical massage techniques, and the reflexology group received foot reflexology focusing on symptom-oriented reflexes twice a week during a 5-week chemoradiotherapy treatment schedule. The control group received neither classical massage nor reflexology. All patients were provided with the same clinic routine care. The classical massage was effective in reducing pain level and distension incidence while foot reflexology was effective in reducing pain and fatigue level, lowering incidence of distension and urinary frequency and improving life quality.


colorectal cancer; foot massage; reflexology; symptom control

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center