Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Ann Intern Med. 1989 Nov 15;111(10):783-7.

Cigarette smoking and increased central adiposity.

Author information

1
University of California School of Medicine, La Jolla.

Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether cigarette smoking is associated with central obesity in men and women.

DESIGN:

A cross-sectional survey.

SETTING:

A geographically defined population of older white adults.

PARTICIPANTS:

Men (836) and women (1112) ages 50 to 79.

INTERVENTIONS:

None.

MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:

Waist-hip circumference ratio and body mass index (weight in kg/height in m2) were measured in participants wearing light clothing without shoes. Past and current cigarette smoking habits were ascertained by a standard self-administered questionnaire. Cigarette smokers had higher waist-hip ratios than non-smokers. We observed a dose-response relation of increasing waist-hip ratio with increasing number of cigarettes smoked. Although smokers were leaner than nonsmokers, the increased waist-hip ratio in smokers was independent of body mass index and was consistent within body-mass index tertiles. The associations, seen in both sexes, were stronger in women.

CONCLUSIONS:

Cigarette smokers have more central obesity than nonsmokers. These results suggest that body fat distribution can be modified by behavioral factors such as smoking.

PMID:
2817625
DOI:
10.7326/0003-4819-111-10-783
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center