Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Cell Mol Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2016 May 17;2(5):567-583. doi: 10.1016/j.jcmgh.2016.05.003. eCollection 2016.

Microgeographic Proteomic Networks of the Human Colonic Mucosa and Their Association With Inflammatory Bowel Disease.

Author information

  • 1Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, University of California Los Angeles David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California Los Angeles David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California; Inflammatory Bowel and Immunobiology Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California.
  • 2Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California Los Angeles David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California.
  • 3Department of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California.
  • 4Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, University of California Los Angeles David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California.
  • 5Inflammatory Bowel and Immunobiology Research Institute, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, California.
  • 6Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.
  • 7Department of Human Genetics and Biostatistics, University of California Los Angeles David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California.
  • 8Department of Molecular and Medical Pharmacology, University of California Los Angeles David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, University of California Los Angeles David Geffen School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS:

Interactions between mucosal cell types, environmental stressors, and intestinal microbiota contribute to pathogenesis in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Here, we applied metaproteomics of the mucosal-luminal interface to study the disease-related biology of the human colonic mucosa.

METHODS:

We recruited a discovery cohort of 51 IBD and non-IBD subjects endoscopically sampled by mucosal lavage at 6 colonic regions, and a validation cohort of 38 no-IBD subjects. Metaproteome data sets were produced for each sample and analyzed for association with colonic site and disease state using a suite of bioinformatic approaches. Localization of select proteins was determined by immunoblot analysis and immunohistochemistry of human endoscopic biopsy samples.

RESULTS:

Co-occurrence analysis of the discovery cohort metaproteome showed that proteins at the mucosal surface clustered into modules with evidence of differential functional specialization (eg, iron regulation, microbial defense) and cellular origin (eg, epithelial or hemopoietic). These modules, validated in an independent cohort, were differentially associated spatially along the gastrointestinal tract, and 7 modules were associated selectively with non-IBD, ulcerative colitis, and/or Crohn's disease states. In addition, the detailed composition of certain modules was altered in disease vs healthy states. We confirmed the predicted spatial and disease-associated localization of 28 proteins representing 4 different disease-related modules by immunoblot and immunohistochemistry visualization, with evidence for their distribution as millimeter-scale microgeographic mosaic.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings suggest that the mucosal surface is a microgeographic mosaic of functional networks reflecting the local mucosal ecology, whose compositional differences in disease and healthy samples may provide a unique readout of physiologic and pathologic mucosal states.

KEYWORDS:

ANOVA, analysis of variance; CD, Crohn’s disease; Ecology; HBD, human β-defensin; HD5, human alpha defensin 5; HNP, human neutrophil peptide; HPLC, high-performance liquid chromatography; IBD, inflammatory bowel disease; IHC, immunohistochemistry; Inflammatory Bowel Disease; MALDI, matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization; MFN, mucosal functional network; MLI, mucosal–luminal interface; MS/MS, tandem mass spectrometry; Metaproteomics; Mucosal; NLME, nonlinear mixed-effect model; Networks; PVCA, principal variance component analysis; TOF, time of flight; UC, ulcerative colitis; WGCNA, weighted correlation network analysis

PMID:
28174738
PMCID:
PMC5042708
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcmgh.2016.05.003
[PubMed - in process]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center