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J Phys Ther Sci. 2016 Dec;28(12):3380-3383. doi: 10.1589/jpts.28.3380. Epub 2016 Dec 27.

The effects of forced breathing exercise on the lumbar stabilization in chronic low back pain patients.

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Department of Physical Therapy, Dongshin University, Republic of Korea.
Department of Occupational Therapy, Gwangju University, Republic of Korea.


[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate the effects of forced breathing exercise on the trunk functions of chronic low back pain patients. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-four patients with chronic low back pain were randomly divided into groups of respiratory effort and trunk stabilization exercises. The exercises were performed for 45 minutes, 3 times per week for 6 weeks. Spinal stabilization was measured as the compensation of thesagittal angle joint in relation to the lumbar external load. [Results] After the intervention, the forced breathing and stabilization exercise groups showed a significant difference in lumbar spine stabilization between the first and second stress tests and the control group also showed a significant difference after the intervention. The M1 and M2 tests of lumbar spine stabilization revealed no significant differences between the groups. [Conclusion] The results of this research demonstrate that forced breathing exercise therapy is effective at improving the trunk stability and daily living activities of chronic low back pain patients.


Forced breathing exercise; Low back pain; Stabilization exercise

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