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J Phys Ther Sci. 2016 Dec;28(12):3380-3383. doi: 10.1589/jpts.28.3380. Epub 2016 Dec 27.

The effects of forced breathing exercise on the lumbar stabilization in chronic low back pain patients.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Therapy, Dongshin University, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Occupational Therapy, Gwangju University, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

[Purpose] This study was conducted to investigate the effects of forced breathing exercise on the trunk functions of chronic low back pain patients. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-four patients with chronic low back pain were randomly divided into groups of respiratory effort and trunk stabilization exercises. The exercises were performed for 45 minutes, 3 times per week for 6 weeks. Spinal stabilization was measured as the compensation of thesagittal angle joint in relation to the lumbar external load. [Results] After the intervention, the forced breathing and stabilization exercise groups showed a significant difference in lumbar spine stabilization between the first and second stress tests and the control group also showed a significant difference after the intervention. The M1 and M2 tests of lumbar spine stabilization revealed no significant differences between the groups. [Conclusion] The results of this research demonstrate that forced breathing exercise therapy is effective at improving the trunk stability and daily living activities of chronic low back pain patients.

KEYWORDS:

Forced breathing exercise; Low back pain; Stabilization exercise

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