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Tissue Eng Part B Rev. 2017 Aug;23(4):386-398. doi: 10.1089/ten.TEB.2016.0431. Epub 2017 Mar 7.

Tissue-Derived Extracellular Matrix Bioscaffolds: Emerging Applications in Cartilage and Meniscus Repair.

Author information

1
Thompson Laboratory for Regenerative Orthopedics, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Missouri Orthopedic Institute, University of Missouri , Columbia, Missouri.

Abstract

Musculoskeletal injuries are a common problem in orthopedic practice. Given the long-term consequences of unaddressed cartilage and meniscal pathology, a number of treatments have been attempted to stimulate repair or to replace the injured tissue. Despite advances in orthopedic surgery, effective treatments for cartilage and meniscus injuries remain a significant clinical challenge. Tissue engineering is a developing field that aims to regenerate injured tissues with a combination of cells, scaffolds, and signals. Many natural and synthetic scaffold materials have been developed and tested for the repair and restoration of a number of musculoskeletal tissues. Among these, biological scaffolds derived from cell and tissue-derived extracellular matrix (ECM) have shown great promise in tissue engineering given the critical role of the ECM for maintaining the biological and biomechanical properties, structure, and function of native tissues. This review article presents emerging applications for tissue-derived ECM scaffolds in cartilage and meniscus repair. We examine normal ECM composition and the current and future methods for potential treatment of articular cartilage and meniscal defects with decellularized scaffolds.

KEYWORDS:

biological scaffolds; cartilage repair; meniscus repair; musculoskeletal disorders

PMID:
28169595
DOI:
10.1089/ten.TEB.2016.0431
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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