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J Paediatr Child Health. 2017 Apr;53(4):333-338. doi: 10.1111/jpc.13462. Epub 2017 Feb 6.

Clinical and psychological effects of excessive screen time on children.

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Longdom Publishing and Qustodio Technologies, Barcelona, Spain.


Over recent years, screen time has become a more complicated concept, with an ever-expanding variety of electronic media devices available throughout the world. Television remains the predominant type of screen-based activity among children. However, computer use, video games and ownership of devices, such as tablets and smart phones, are occurring from an increasingly young age. Screen time, in particular, television viewing, has been negatively associated with the development of physical and cognitive abilities, and positively associated with obesity, sleep problems, depression and anxiety. The physiological mechanisms that underlie the adverse health outcomes related to screen time and the relative contributions of different types of screen and media content to specific health outcomes are unclear. This review discusses the positive and negative effects of screen time on the physiological and psychological development of children. Furthermore, recommendations are offered to parents and clinicians.


children; electronic media; health policy; screen time; television

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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