Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Appl Ergon. 2017 Apr;60:163-170. doi: 10.1016/j.apergo.2016.11.011. Epub 2016 Dec 7.

Factors affecting fall severity from a ladder: Impact of climbing direction, gloves, gender and adaptation.

Author information

1
Department of Bioengineering, 3700 O'hara St. #302, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA.
2
Division of Occupational Therapy, 151-B Rutledge Avenue, MSC 962, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC 29425, USA.
3
Department of Bioengineering, 3700 O'hara St. #302, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15261, USA. Electronic address: beschorn@pitt.edu.

Abstract

Ladder falls cause many fatal injuries. The factors that affect whether a ladder perturbation leads to a fall are not well understood. This study quantified the effects of several factors on a person's ability to recover from a ladder perturbation. Thirty-five participants each experienced six unexpected ladder missteps, for three glove conditions (bare hands, high friction, low friction) and two climbing directions (ascent, descent). Fall severity was increased during ladder descent (p < 0.001). Gloves did not affect fall severity. Females compared to males had greater fall severity during ascent (p < 0.001) and descent (p = 0.018). During ascent, females had greater fall severity during the second perturbation but similar fall severity to males during the other perturbations. Additional protection may be needed when descending a ladder. Also, females may benefit from targeted interventions like training. This study does not suggest that gloves are effective for preventing ladder falls.

KEYWORDS:

Climbing direction; Gender; Ladder falls

PMID:
28166875
DOI:
10.1016/j.apergo.2016.11.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center