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Arch Suicide Res. 2017 Feb 6. doi: 10.1080/13811118.2017.1289870. [Epub ahead of print]

Use of Prescription Medication by Individuals Who Died by Suicide in Northern Ireland.

Author information

  • 1a School of Psychology , Ulster University, Magee Campus , Northern Ireland , UK.
  • 2b University College Cork , Ireland.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To understand medication use prior to suicide in relation to patterns, polypharmacy and adherence.

METHODS:

1,371 suicide cases were coded and latent class analysis used to identify combinations of medications prescribed prior to death.

RESULTS:

Two thirds had been prescribed medication with 30.7% prescribed three or more. Latent class analysis revealed three classes: Mixed medication use, primarily mental medication use, and baseline/low medication use. There are potentially high rates of medication non-adherence.

CONCLUSIONS:

Both medication use but also non-adherence rates were high in this sample of individuals who died by suicide. Potential implications and areas for future research are discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Suicide; adherence; medication; polypharmacy; psychotropics

PMID:
28166453
DOI:
10.1080/13811118.2017.1289870
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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