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PLoS One. 2017 Feb 6;12(2):e0170480. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0170480. eCollection 2017.

Applying spatio-temporal models to assess variations across health care areas and regions: Lessons from the decentralized Spanish National Health System.

Author information

1
Navarrabiomed-Fundación Miguel Servet, Pamplona, Spain.
2
Red de Investigación en Servicios de Salud en Enfermedades Crónicas (REDISSEC), Bilbao, Spain.
3
Instituto Aragonés de Ciencias de la Salud, IIS Aragón, Zaragoza, Spain.
4
Centro Superior de Investigación en Salud Pública (CSISP-FISABIO), Valencia, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To illustrate the ability of hierarchical Bayesian spatio-temporal models in capturing different geo-temporal structures in order to explain hospital risk variations using three different conditions: Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI), Colectomy in Colorectal Cancer (CCC) and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).

RESEARCH DESIGN:

This is an observational population-based spatio-temporal study, from 2002 to 2013, with a two-level geographical structure, Autonomous Communities (AC) and Health Care Areas (HA).

SETTING:

The Spanish National Health System, a quasi-federal structure with 17 regional governments (AC) with full responsibility in planning and financing, and 203 HA providing hospital and primary care to a defined population.

METHODS:

A poisson-log normal mixed model in the Bayesian framework was fitted using the INLA efficient estimation procedure.

MEASURES:

The spatio-temporal hospitalization relative risks, the evolution of their variation, and the relative contribution (fraction of variation) of each of the model components (AC, HA, year and interaction AC-year).

RESULTS:

Following PCI-CCC-CODP order, the three conditions show differences in the initial hospitalization rates (from 4 to 21 per 10,000 person-years) and in their trends (upward, inverted V shape, downward). Most of the risk variation is captured by phenomena occurring at the HA level (fraction variance: 51.6, 54.7 and 56.9%). At AC level, the risk of PCI hospitalization follow a heterogeneous ascending dynamic (interaction AC-year: 17.7%), whereas in COPD the AC role is more homogenous and important (37%).

CONCLUSIONS:

In a system where the decisions loci are differentiated, the spatio-temporal modeling allows to assess the dynamic relative role of different levels of decision and their influence on health outcomes.

PMID:
28166233
PMCID:
PMC5293276
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0170480
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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