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Nat Commun. 2017 Feb 6;8:14360. doi: 10.1038/ncomms14360.

FAK signalling controls insulin sensitivity through regulation of adipocyte survival.

Author information

1
Toronto General Hospital Research Institute, University Health Network, MaRS Ctre, TMDT, 101 College Street, 10th Floor, Room 10-363, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 1L7.
2
Institute of Medical Science, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5S 1A8.
3
Department of Pathology, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2C4.
4
Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, University Health Network, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M5G 2C4.

Abstract

Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) plays a central role in integrin signalling, which regulates growth and survival of tumours. Here we show that FAK protein levels are increased in adipose tissue of insulin-resistant obese mice and humans. Disruption of adipocyte FAK in mice or in 3T3 L1 cells decreases adipocyte survival. Adipocyte-specific FAK knockout mice display impaired adipose tissue expansion and insulin resistance on prolonged metabolic stress from a high-fat diet or when crossed on an obese db/db or ob/ob genetic background. Treatment of these mice with a PPARγ agonist does not restore adiposity or improve insulin sensitivity. In contrast, inhibition of apoptosis, either genetically or pharmacologically, attenuates adipocyte death, restores normal adiposity and improves insulin sensitivity. Together, these results demonstrate that FAK is required for adipocyte survival and maintenance of insulin sensitivity, particularly in the context of adipose tissue expansion as a result of caloric excess.

PMID:
28165007
PMCID:
PMC5303880
DOI:
10.1038/ncomms14360
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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