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Obes Rev. 2017 Feb;18 Suppl 1:3-6. doi: 10.1111/obr.12513.

Nutrition, movement and sleep behaviours: their interactions in pathways to obesity and cardiometabolic diseases.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Division of Physiology, University of Fribourg, Fribourg, Switzerland.

Abstract

Among the multitude of dietary and lifestyle behaviours that have been proposed to contribute to the obesity epidemic, those that have generated considerable research scrutiny in the past decade are centred upon sleep behaviours, sedentary behaviours (sitting or lying while awake) and diminished low-level physical activities of everyday life, with each category of behaviours apparently presenting an independent risk for obesity and/or cardiometabolic diseases. These behaviours are highly complex, operate in synergy with each other, disrupt the link between regulation of the circadian clock and metabolic physiology and impact on various components of daily energy expenditure and feeding behaviours to promote obesity and hinder the outcome of obesity therapy. As such, this behavioural triad (nutrition, movement and sleep) presents plenty of scope for intervention and optimization in the context of body weight regulation and lifestyle-related disease prevention. It is against this background that recent advances relevant to the theme of 'Nutrition, Movement & Sleep Behaviors: their interactions in pathways to obesity and cardiometabolic diseases' are addressed in this overview and the nine review articles in this supplement reporting the proceedings of the 8th Fribourg Obesity Research Conference.

KEYWORDS:

Energy balance; energy expenditure; physical activity; sedentary

PMID:
28164454
DOI:
10.1111/obr.12513
[PubMed - in process]
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