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J Cutan Aesthet Surg. 2016 Oct-Dec;9(4):244-248. doi: 10.4103/0974-2077.197077.

Outcome of Dermal Grafting in the Management of Atrophic Facial Scars.

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1
Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology, Bengaluru Medical College and Research Institute, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Scars over the face are cosmetically and psychologically disturbing. Various techniques have been described and are being practiced in the management of these scars.

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES:

This study was undertaken to study the safety, effectiveness of using dermal grafts as fillers in the management of facial scars due to acne, chickenpox, trauma or any others.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Fifteen patients with atrophic facial scars of varied aetiology and willing for surgery were considered for dermal graft technique. After pre-operative workup, subcision was done 2 weeks before planned surgery. Depending on the type of scar, grafts were inserted using pocket or road railing techniques. Scar improvement was assessed based on patient satisfaction.

RESULTS:

Linear scars showed excellent improvement. Acne, varicella and traumatic scars also showed good improvement. However, two patients did not appreciate improvement due to marked surface irregularities as the scars were elevated. They were further subjected to LASER and chemical peel resurfacing.

CONCLUSION:

Dermal grafting can be used in the management of any round to oval facial scar which is soft, prominent and at least 4-5 mm across; linear scars at least 2-3 mm across and 3-4 cm in length. However, scars with prominent surface irregularities need further resurfacing techniques along with dermal grafting.

LIMITATIONS:

Limitations of the study include small sample size, and only subjective assessment of the scar has been taken into consideration to assess the outcome.

KEYWORDS:

Atrophic scar; dermal graft; pocket technique; railroad technique

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