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Acta Neurol Scand. 1989 Aug;80(2):151-6.

Soccer injuries to the brain. A neurologic and electroencephalographic study of former players.

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Department of Neurosurgery, National Hospital, Oslo, Norway.


Thirty-seven former football players of the Norwegian national team underwent a neurological and electroencephalographic (EEG) examination to investigate the incidence of head injuries due to heading the ball. Sixteen players complained of protracted and permanent symptoms commonly attributed to the post-concussional syndrome: headache, irritability, dizziness, lack of concentration and impaired memory. A significantly increased incidence of EEG abnormalities was found in players compared with matched controls. The high incidence of EEG changes is probably the result of a cumulative effect due to repeated head traumas.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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