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Community Ment Health J. 2017 Jul;53(5):560-567. doi: 10.1007/s10597-017-0080-4. Epub 2017 Feb 3.

Correlates and Predictors of Well-being in Montreal.

Author information

1
Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montréal, Canada. fmoulin.science@gmail.com.
2
Department of Sociology, Emory University, Atlanta, USA.
3
Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montréal, Canada.
4
Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Douglas Mental Health University Institute, Montréal, Canada.

Abstract

With and without mental disorders, low levels of positive mental health are associated with limitations in daily life and with an economic burden in developed countries. We aimed to assess the correlates and predictors of high levels of well-being (WB) in Keyes' model of mental health. A four-year longitudinal population-based study was administered, in Montreal, Canada. At baseline, 1828 participated in wave 1, and 1303 in wave 2. WB was measured by the Mental Health Continuum Short Form, and data were collected by direct interviews. 17 variables were correlated with WB. Seven variables were predictors of having excellent WB. Stress/coping variables like ability to handle difficult problems or having the personal ability to deal with stress showed the strongest effects (respectively, OR = 1.790, 95% CI 1.232-2.601, OR = 2.118, CI 95% 1.324-3.387). This study underscores the importance of testing a multidimensional model accounting for a spectrum of relevant variables relating to WB.

KEYWORDS:

Mental Health; Population-based study; Predictors; Well-being

PMID:
28160126
DOI:
10.1007/s10597-017-0080-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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