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Mol Cell. 2017 Feb 2;65(3):432-446.e5. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2017.01.009.

Polycomb Repressive Complex 1 Generates Discrete Compacted Domains that Change during Differentiation.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA; Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
2
Program in Systems Biology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, USA.
3
Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA; Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA; Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA.
4
Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA; Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02114, USA.
5
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston, MA 02115, USA; Program in Systems Biology, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, MA 01605, USA.
6
Department of Molecular Biology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA 02114, USA; Department of Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Electronic address: kingston@molbio.mgh.harvard.edu.

Abstract

Master regulatory genes require stable silencing by the polycomb group (PcG) to prevent misexpression during differentiation and development. Some PcG proteins covalently modify histones, which contributes to heritable repression. The role for other effects on chromatin structure is less understood. We characterized the organization of PcG target genes in ESCs and neural progenitors using 5C and super-resolution microscopy. The genomic loci of repressed PcG targets formed discrete, small (20-140 Kb) domains of tight interaction that corresponded to locations bound by canonical polycomb repressive complex 1 (PRC1). These domains changed during differentiation as PRC1 binding changed. Their formation depended upon the Polyhomeotic component of canonical PRC1 and occurred independently of PRC1-catalyzed ubiquitylation. PRC1 domains differ from topologically associating domains in size and boundary characteristics. These domains have the potential to play a key role in transmitting epigenetic silencing of PcG targets by linking PRC1 to formation of a repressive higher-order structure.

KEYWORDS:

5C; PRC1; Polycomb; STORM; cell fate; chromatin; compaction; differentiation; higher-order structure

PMID:
28157505
PMCID:
PMC5421375
DOI:
10.1016/j.molcel.2017.01.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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