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J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2017 Apr;19(4):490-494. doi: 10.3171/2016.10.PEDS16301. Epub 2017 Feb 3.

Virtual surgical planning and 3D printing in repeat calvarial vault reconstruction for craniosynostosis: technical note.

Author information

1
Departments of 1 Neurosurgery and.
2
Divisions of 3 Pediatric Neurosurgery and.
3
Plastic Surgery, Baylor College of Medicine; and.
4
Pediatric Plastic Surgery, Texas Children's Hospital, Houston, Texas.

Abstract

Repeat surgery for restenosis after initial nonsyndromic craniosynostosis intervention is sometimes needed. Calvarial vault reconstruction through a healed surgical bed adds a level of intraoperative complexity and may benefit from preoperative and intraoperative definitions of biometric and aesthetic norms. Computer-assisted design and manufacturing using 3D imaging allows the precise formulation of operative plans in anticipation of surgical intervention. 3D printing turns virtual plans into anatomical replicas, templates, or customized implants by using a variety of materials. The authors present a technical note illustrating the use of this technology: a repeat calvarial vault reconstruction that was planned and executed using computer-assisted design and 3D printed intraoperative guides.

KEYWORDS:

3D printing; CAD/CAM = computer-assisted design and manufacturing; CVR = calvarial vault reconstruction; VSP = virtual surgical planning; computer-assisted design; computer-assisted manufacturing; craniofacial; craniosynostosis; surgical technique; virtual surgical planning

PMID:
28156217
DOI:
10.3171/2016.10.PEDS16301
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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