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J Environ Manage. 2017 Dec 15;204(Pt 3):839-844. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2017.01.046. Epub 2017 Jan 29.

Optimizing the lanthanum adsorption process onto chemically modified biomaterials using factorial and response surface design.

Author information

1
Politehnica University of Timisoara, Faculty of Industrial Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, 2 Piata Victoriei, RO 300006 Timisoara, Romania.
2
Politehnica University of Timisoara, Faculty of Industrial Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, 2 Piata Victoriei, RO 300006 Timisoara, Romania. Electronic address: mihaela.ciopec@upt.ro.
3
Politehnica University of Timisoara, Faculty of Industrial Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, 2 Piata Victoriei, RO 300006 Timisoara, Romania. Electronic address: narcis.duteanu@upt.ro.

Abstract

The rare metals' potential to pollute air, water, soil, and especially groundwater has received lot of attention recently. One of the most common rare earth group elements, lanthanum, is used in many industrial branches, and due to its toxicity, it needs to be eliminated from all residual aqueous solutions. The goal of this study was to evaluate the control of the adsorption process for lanthanum removal from aqueous solutions, using cellulose, a known biomaterial with high adsorbent properties, cheap, and environment friendly. The cellulose was chemically modified by functionalization with sodium β-glycerophosphate. The experimental results obtained after factorial design indicate optimum adsorption parameters as pH 6, contact time 60 min, and temperature 298 K, when the equilibrium concentration of lanthanum was 250 mg L-1, and the experimental adsorption capacity obtained was 31.58 mg g-1. Further refinement of the optimization of the adsorption process by response surface design indicates that at pH 6 and the initial concentration of 256 mg L-1, the adsorption capacity has maximum values between 30.87 and 36.73 mg g-1.

KEYWORDS:

Adsorption; Biomaterial; Chemical modified cellulose; Factorial design; Lanthanum

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