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Lung India. 2017 Jan-Feb;34(1):13-18. doi: 10.4103/0970-2113.197093.

Current trends of management of respiratory diseases by pulmonologists: Results of National Conference of Pulmonary Disease - 2015 survey.

Author information

1
Department of Chest and Tuberculosis, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
2
Consultant, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Asthma Bhawan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.

Abstract

CONTEXT:

Respiratory diseases are a common problem in our country and these are associated with significant morbidity and mortality.

AIMS:

The aim of the paper was to analyze the pattern of diagnostic tests used and treatment prescribed for common respiratory diseases.

SETTINGS AND DESIGN:

A total of 1028 pulmonologists, either member of Indian Chest Society or delegate attending the National Conference of Pulmonary Diseases (NAPCON) 2015, participated in the online survey.

SUBJECTS AND METHODS:

The survey included questions pertinent to common respiratory diseases such as pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), bronchial asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and pneumonia.

RESULTS:

Investigation used for severity assessment and diagnosis of PTB, was sputum for acid-fast bacilli (83.5%), for IPF was high-resolution computed tomography chest (85.6%), for severe pneumonia was arterial blood gas analysis (69.3%), for asthma was spirometery and peak flow (96.8%) and for COPDs was spirometry (87.2%). The most popular choice of treatment for PTB was directly observed treatment short course (55.7%), for bronchial asthma, it was long-acting beta agonist with inhaled corticosteroids (LABA + ICSs) (41.1%), for COPD, it was LABA, ICS, and long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LABA + ICS + long-acting muscarinic antagonist) (32.4%) and for IPF, it was pirfenidone and N acetyl cysteine (38.3%). About 67.5% of doctors preferred hospitalization for patients with severe pneumonia. About 84.5% pulmonologists ordered diagnostic tests and 55.5% prescribed treatment as per current guidelines.

CONCLUSIONS:

The majority of doctors (70.1%) in our survey followed recommended guidelines for respiratory disease diagnosis and treatment. However, there is a need for upgradation of treatment strategies currently used by doctors.

KEYWORDS:

Asthma; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis; pneumonia; pulmonary tuberculosis; respiratory disease epidemiology; respiratory disease survey

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