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Lung India. 2017 Jan-Feb;34(1):13-18. doi: 10.4103/0970-2113.197093.

Current trends of management of respiratory diseases by pulmonologists: Results of National Conference of Pulmonary Disease - 2015 survey.

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Department of Chest and Tuberculosis, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.
Consultant, Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Asthma Bhawan, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India.



Respiratory diseases are a common problem in our country and these are associated with significant morbidity and mortality.


The aim of the paper was to analyze the pattern of diagnostic tests used and treatment prescribed for common respiratory diseases.


A total of 1028 pulmonologists, either member of Indian Chest Society or delegate attending the National Conference of Pulmonary Diseases (NAPCON) 2015, participated in the online survey.


The survey included questions pertinent to common respiratory diseases such as pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB), bronchial asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), and pneumonia.


Investigation used for severity assessment and diagnosis of PTB, was sputum for acid-fast bacilli (83.5%), for IPF was high-resolution computed tomography chest (85.6%), for severe pneumonia was arterial blood gas analysis (69.3%), for asthma was spirometery and peak flow (96.8%) and for COPDs was spirometry (87.2%). The most popular choice of treatment for PTB was directly observed treatment short course (55.7%), for bronchial asthma, it was long-acting beta agonist with inhaled corticosteroids (LABA + ICSs) (41.1%), for COPD, it was LABA, ICS, and long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LABA + ICS + long-acting muscarinic antagonist) (32.4%) and for IPF, it was pirfenidone and N acetyl cysteine (38.3%). About 67.5% of doctors preferred hospitalization for patients with severe pneumonia. About 84.5% pulmonologists ordered diagnostic tests and 55.5% prescribed treatment as per current guidelines.


The majority of doctors (70.1%) in our survey followed recommended guidelines for respiratory disease diagnosis and treatment. However, there is a need for upgradation of treatment strategies currently used by doctors.


Asthma; chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis; pneumonia; pulmonary tuberculosis; respiratory disease epidemiology; respiratory disease survey

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