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J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong). 2017 Jan;25(1):2309499016684077. doi: 10.1177/2309499016684077.

The use of three-dimensional printing technology in orthopaedic surgery.

Wong TM1,2,3, Jin J3, Lau TW1, Fang C1,3, Yan CH1,2,3, Yeung K1,2, To M1,2,3, Leung F1,2,3.

Author information

1
1 Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong, Queen Mary Hospital, Pok Fu Lam, Hong Kong.
2
2 Shenzhen Key Laboratory for Innovative Technology in Orthopaedic Trauma, The University of Hong Kong-Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, China.
3
3 Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, The University of Hong Kong-Shenzhen Hospital, Shenzhen, China.

Abstract

Three-dimensional (3-D) printing or additive manufacturing, an advanced technology that 3-D physical models are created, has been wildly applied in medical industries, including cardiothoracic surgery, cranio-maxillo-facial surgery and orthopaedic surgery. The physical models made by 3-D printing technology give surgeons a realistic impression of complex structures, allowing surgical planning and simulation before operations. In orthopaedic surgery, this technique is mainly applied in surgical planning especially revision and reconstructive surgeries, making patient-specific instruments or implants, and bone tissue engineering. This article reviews this technology and its application in orthopaedic surgery.

KEYWORDS:

3-D printing; additive manufacturing; patient-specific instruments and implants; surgical planning; tissue engineering

PMID:
28142354
DOI:
10.1177/2309499016684077
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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