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Jundishapur J Microbiol. 2016 Sep 14;9(11):e32144. doi: 10.5812/jjm.32144. eCollection 2016 Nov.

Detection of Helicobacter pylori in the Bronchoalveolar Lavage of Patients with Lung Cancer Using Real-Time PCR.

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Cardiovascular Research Center, Institute of Basic and Clinical Physiology Sciences, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, IR Iran.
Afzalipour Hospital Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences,Kerman, IR Iran.



Lung cancer is one of the most common causes of death worldwide. Although smoking and environmental pollutants are the most important risk factors of lung cancer, the role of infectious causes should also be considered in the pathogenesis and progress of lung cancer.


This study examined the relationship between Helicobacter pylori and lung cancer through serology, real-time PCR, and urease tests.


This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted on 52 adult patients with lung cancer who were selected after having their history taken and being physically examined by a pulmonologist. Then, the patients underwent a bronchoscopy, a BAL, and biopsy sampling. A urease test was run for each biopsy sample, real-time PCR was used for each BAL sample, and H. pylori serology was used for each patient's serum.


The patients' average age was 60.65 ± 9.15 years; 11.5% were female and 88.5% were male. The prevalence of H. pylori in lung cancer patients was 11.5% according to the BAL PCR test, 92.3% according to the serology test, and 3.8% according to the urease test.


The results demonstrated an association between of lung cancer and H. Pylori infection via the hypothesis of direct damage and chronic inflammation through inhalation and aspiration and the systematic immune response induced by H. pylori colonization. Helicobacter pylori, together with a host's genetic predisposition and other environmental risk factors, could be attributed to the induction of lung cancer.


Helicobacter pylori; Pulmonary Neoplasm; Real-Time PCR

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