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Sci Rep. 2017 Jan 30;7:41629. doi: 10.1038/srep41629.

IL-32 promoter SNP rs4786370 predisposes to modified lipoprotein profiles in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

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Department of Internal Medicine and Radboud Center for Infectious Diseases (RCI), Radboud University Medical Center, 6525 GA Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
Amsterdam Rheumatology immunology Center, Department of Rheumatology, location CU University Medical Center and Reade, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Rijnstate Ziekenhuis, Arnhem, The Netherlands.
Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saúde Pública, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Brazil.
Department of Rheumatology, Bernhoven Ziekenhuis, Uden, The Netherlands.
Department of Rheumatology, Radboud University Medical Center, 6525GA Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
Radboud Institute for Health Sciences, Department of Human Genetics, Radboud university medical center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.
School of Medicine, Division of infectious diseases, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, Colorado 80045, United States of America.


Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Interleukin (IL)-32 has previously been shown to be involved in the pathogenesis of RA and might be linked to the development of atherosclerosis. However, the exact mechanism linking IL-32 to CVD still needs to be elucidated. The influence of a functional genetic variant of IL-32 on lipid profiles and CVD risk was therefore studied in whole blood from individuals from the NBS cohort and RA patients from 2 independent cohorts. Lipid profiles were matched to the specific IL-32 genotypes. Allelic distribution was similar in all three groups. Interestingly, significantly higher levels of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDLc) were observed in individuals from the NBS cohort and RA patients from the Nijmegen cohort homozygous for the C allele (p = 0.0141 and p = 0.0314 respectively). In contrast, the CC-genotype was associated with elevated low density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDLc) and total cholesterol (TC) in individuals at higher risk for CVD (plaque positive) (p = 0.0396; p = 0.0363 respectively). Our study shows a functional effect of a promoter single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in IL32 on lipid profiles in RA patients and individuals, suggesting a possible protective role of this SNP against CVD.

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