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Curr Stem Cell Rep. 2016 Jun;2(2):168-173. doi: 10.1007/s40778-016-0044-6. Epub 2016 Mar 29.

MSC Therapeutics in Chronic Inflammation.

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Department of Neurosciences, Case Western Reserve University, School of Medicine.
Department of Anatomy and Regenerative Medicine, George Washington University, School of Medicine and Health Sciences.


The utilization of mesenchymal stem cells (also known as mesenchymal stromal cells, or MSCs) as a cell-based therapy for diseases that have ongoing inflammatory damage has become increasingly available. Our understanding of the cell biology of MSCs is still incomplete. However, as a result of increasing numbers of pre-clinical and clinical studies, general themes are emerging. The capacity of MSCs to reduce disease burden is largely associated with their ability to modulate the activity of the host immune responses rather than to contribute directly to tissue regeneration. As a result, they have significant potential in the treatment of chronic inflammatory disease regardless of the affected tissue. For example, MSC based therapies have been developed in the context of diseases as diverse as rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis. Here we discuss some of the principles that link these conditions, and the aspects of MSC biology that contribute to their use as a therapy for chronic inflammatory conditions.


EAE; Immune suppression; Mesenchymal stem cells; Multiple Sclerosis

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