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J Arthroplasty. 2017 May;32(5):1586-1592. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2016.12.011. Epub 2016 Dec 21.

Cortical Strut Allograft Support of Modular Femoral Junctions During Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Redwood City, California; Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, National University Hospital, Singapore.
2
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Stanford University School of Medicine, Redwood City, California.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

There is risk of junction failure when using modular femoral stems for revision total hip arthroplasty (THA), especially with loss of bone stock in the proximal femur. Using a cortical strut allograft may provide additional support of a modular femoral construct in revision THA.

METHODS:

We reviewed prospectively gathered clinical and radiographic data for 28 revision THAs performed from 2004 to 2014 using cementless modular femoral components with cortical strut allograft applied to supplement proximal femoral bone loss: 5 (18%) were fluted taper designs and 23 (82%) were porous cylindrical designs All the patients had a Paprosky grade IIIA or greater femoral defect. The mean follow-up was 5.4 ± 3.9 years.

RESULTS:

The Harris Hip Scores improved from 26 ± 10 points preoperatively to 71 ± 10 points at final follow-up (P < .001). The Western Ontario McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index scores improved from 45 ± 12 points preoperatively to 76 ± 12 points at final follow-up (P < .001). Eighty-nine percent (25 hips) of all revision or conversion THAs were in place at final follow-up. Three (11%) patients underwent reoperations, 2 for infection and 1 for periprosthetic fracture. There was no statistical significant change in femoral component alignment (P = .161) at final follow-up. Mean subsidence was 1.8 ± 1.3 mm at final follow-up. Femoral diameter increased from initial postoperative imaging to final follow-up imaging by a mean of 9.1 ± 5.1 mm (P < .001) and cortical width increased by a mean of 4.5 ± 2.2 mm (P < .001). Twenty-seven hips (96%) achieved union between the cortical strut allograft and the host femur.

CONCLUSION:

The use of a modular femoral stem in a compromised femur with a supplementary cortical strut allgraft is safe and provides satisfactory clinical and radiological outcomes.

KEYWORDS:

cortical strut allograft; deficient femur; modular femoral component; revision hip arthroplasty; total hip arthroplasty

PMID:
28130016
DOI:
10.1016/j.arth.2016.12.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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