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J Agromedicine. 2017;22(2):148-158. doi: 10.1080/1059924X.2017.1283275.

Occupational Health and Safety in Aquaculture: Insights on Brazilian Public Policies.

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a Fundação Estadual de Pesquisa Agropecuária (FEPAGRO) , Porto Alegre , Brazil.
b Faculdade de Direito, Universidade Ritter dos Reis , Porto Alegre , Brazil.
c Instituto Carlos Chagas Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (FIOCRUZ) , Curitiba , Brazil.


Aquaculture has many occupational hazards, including those that are physical, chemical, biological, ergonomic, and mechanical. The risks in aquaculture are inherent, as this activity requires particular practices. The objective of the present study was to show the risks associated with the aquaculture sector and present a critical overview on the Brazilian public policies concerning aquaculture occupational health. Methods include online research involved web searches and electronic databases including Pubmed, Google Scholar, Scielo and government databases. We conducted a careful revision of Brazilian labor laws related to occupational health and safety, rural workers, and aquaculture. The results and conclusion support the idea that aquaculture requires specific and well-established industry programs and policies, especially in developing countries. Aquaculture still lacks scientific research, strategies, laws, and public policies to boost the sector with regard to occupational health and safety. The establishment of a safe workplace in aquaculture in developing countries remains a challenge for all involved in employer-employee relationships.


Agricultural workers; Brazilian law; aquaculture; occupational health; occupational risks

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