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Phys Rev Lett. 2017 Jan 13;118(2):027203. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.118.027203. Epub 2017 Jan 12.

Incommensurate Spiral Order from Double-Exchange Interactions.

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Zernike Institute for Advanced Materials, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 4, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands.


The double-exchange model describing interactions of itinerant electrons with localized spins is usually used to explain ferromagnetism in metals. We show that for a variety of crystal lattices of different dimensionalities and for a wide range of model parameters, the ferromagnetic state is unstable against a noncollinear spiral magnetic order. We revisit the phase diagram of the double-exchange model on a triangular lattice and show in a large part of the diagram the incommensurate spiral state has a lower energy than the previously discussed commensurate states. These results indicate that double-exchange systems are inherently frustrated and can host unconventional spin orders.

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