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Cardiovasc Diagn Ther. 2016 Dec;6(6):533-543. doi: 10.21037/cdt.2016.11.14.

Lower extremity venous reflux.

Author information

1
Division of Abdominal Imagingy, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
2
Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
3
Division of Cardiovascular Imaging, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
4
Division of Interventional Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.

Abstract

Venous incompetence in the lower extremity is a common clinical problem. Basic understanding of venous anatomy, pathophysiologic mechanisms of venous reflux is essential for choosing the appropriate treatment strategy. The complex interplay of venous pressure, abdominal pressure, venous valvular function and gravitational force determine the venous incompetence. This review is intended to provide a succinct review of the pathophysiology of venous incompetence and the current role of imaging in its management.

KEYWORDS:

Venous reflux; ablation; lower extremity ultrasound; venous incompetence

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