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Mol Metab. 2016 Nov 3;6(1):159-172. doi: 10.1016/j.molmet.2016.10.009. eCollection 2017 Jan.

Endospanin1 affects oppositely body weight regulation and glucose homeostasis by differentially regulating central leptin signaling.

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Institut Cochin, Inserm U1016, CNRS UMR 8104, University Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Paris, France.
University Paris Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC), CNRS UMR 7091, NewVectys, Paris, France.
University Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, CNRS UMR8251, Paris, France.
Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.
University of Lille, CNRS UMR 8204, Inserm U1019, CHU Lille, Institut Pasteur de Lille, Center for Infection and Immunity of Lille, Lille, France.
Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Paris (AP-HP), Université Paris Descartes, Inserm U942, Paris, France.
Institut Cochin, Inserm U1016, CNRS UMR 8104, University Paris Descartes, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Paris, France. Electronic address:


The hypothalamic arcuate nucleus (ARC) is a major integration center for energy and glucose homeostasis that responds to leptin. Resistance to leptin in the ARC is an important component of the development of obesity and type 2 diabetes. Recently, we showed that Endospanin1 (Endo1) is a negative regulator of the leptin receptor (OBR) that interacts with OBR and retains the receptor inside the cell, leading to a decreased activation of the anorectic STAT3 pathway. Endo1 is up-regulated in the ARC of high fat diet (HFD)-fed mice, and its silencing in the ARC of lean and obese mice prevents and reverses the development of obesity.


Herein we investigated whether decreased Endo1 expression in the hypothalamic ARC, associated with reduced obesity, could also ameliorate glucose homeostasis accordingly.


We studied glucose homeostasis in lean or obese mice silenced for Endo1 in the ARC via stereotactic injection of shRNA-expressing lentiviral vectors.


We observed that despite being leaner, Endo1-silenced mice showed impaired glucose homeostasis on HFD. Mechanistically, we show that Endo1 interacts with p85, the regulatory subunit of PI3K, and mediates leptin-induced PI3K activation.


Our results thus define Endo1 as an important hypothalamic integrator of leptin signaling, and its silencing differentially regulates the OBR-dependent functions.


ARC, arcuate nucleus; BW, body weight; CD, chow diet; DIO, diet-induced obesity; Diabetes; Endo1, Endospanin1; GTT, glucose tolerance test; HFD, high fat diet; Insulin; LIF, leukemia inhibitory factor; Leptin receptor; OB-RGRP/Endospanin1; OBR, leptin receptor; Obesity; PLA, proximity ligation assay; T2D, type 2 diabetes; ip, intraperitoneal

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