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Chem Cent J. 2017 Jan 23;11:9. doi: 10.1186/s13065-017-0238-8. eCollection 2017.

Green solvents and technologies for oil extraction from oilseeds.

Author information

1
ICAR-Indian Institute of Seed Science, Maunath Bhanjan, Uttar Pradesh 721302 India.
2
Microbial Biotechnology and Downstream Processing Laboratory, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, West Bengal 721302 India.
3
ICAR-Indian Institute of Rice Research, Rajendra Nagar, Hyderabad, 500030 India.

Abstract

Oilseeds are crucial for the nutritional security of the global population. The conventional technology used for oil extraction from oilseeds is by solvent extraction. In solvent extraction, n-hexane is used as a solvent for its attributes such as simple recovery, non-polar nature, low latent heat of vaporization (330 kJ/kg) and high selectivity to solvents. However, usage of hexane as a solvent has lead to several repercussions such as air pollution, toxicity and harmfulness that prompted to look for alternative options. To circumvent the problem, green solvents could be a promising approach to replace solvent extraction. In this review, green solvents and technology like aqueous assisted enzyme extraction are better solution for oil extraction from oilseeds. Enzyme mediated extraction is eco-friendly, can obtain higher yields, cost-effective and aids in obtaining co-products without any damage. Enzyme technology has great potential for oil extraction in oilseed industry. Similarly, green solvents such as terpenes and ionic liquids have tremendous solvent properties that enable to extract the oil in eco-friendly manner. These green solvents and technologies are considered green owing to the attributes of energy reduction, eco-friendliness, non-toxicity and non-harmfulness. Hence, the review is mainly focussed on the prospects and challenges of green solvents and technology as the best option to replace the conventional methods without compromising the quality of the extracted products.

KEYWORDS:

Aqueous enzyme assisted extraction (AEAE); Green solvents; Ionic liquids; Terpenes

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