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Cell Rep. 2017 Jan 24;18(4):831-839. doi: 10.1016/j.celrep.2016.12.074.

Germ Cell-less Promotes Centrosome Segregation to Induce Germ Cell Formation.

Author information

1
Department of Cell Biology, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA. Electronic address: dlerit@emory.edu.
2
School of Medicine, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA.
3
Department of Neuroscience, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032, USA.
4
Cell Biology and Physiology Center, National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, NIH, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
5
Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA.
6
Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA; Laboratory of Gene Expression Regulation in Development, Institute of Gene Biology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow 119991, Russia.
7
Department of Molecular Biology, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544, USA. Electronic address: gdeshpan@princeton.edu.

Abstract

The primordial germ cells (PGCs) specified during embryogenesis serve as progenitors to the adult germline stem cells. In Drosophila, the proper specification and formation of PGCs require both centrosomes and germ plasm, which contains the germline determinants. Centrosomes are microtubule (MT)-organizing centers that ensure the faithful segregation of germ plasm into PGCs. To date, mechanisms that modulate centrosome behavior to engineer PGC development have remained elusive. Only one germ plasm component, Germ cell-less (Gcl), is known to play a role in PGC formation. Here, we show that Gcl engineers PGC formation by regulating centrosome dynamics. Loss of gcl leads to aberrant centrosome separation and elaboration of the astral MT network, resulting in inefficient germ plasm segregation and aborted PGC cellularization. Importantly, compromising centrosome separation alone is sufficient to mimic the gcl loss-of-function phenotypes. We conclude Gcl functions as a key regulator of centrosome separation required for proper PGC development.

KEYWORDS:

cell fate; centrosome; germ cell-less; germ cells; germ plasm; stem cells

PMID:
28122234
PMCID:
PMC5327791
DOI:
10.1016/j.celrep.2016.12.074
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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