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Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2017 Feb;124:93-101. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2016.12.015. Epub 2016 Dec 27.

Sleep duration and smoking are associated with coronary heart disease among US adults with type 2 diabetes: Gender differences.

Author information

1
Department of Physician Assistant, Central Michigan University, Mount Pleasant, MI 37614, USA. Electronic address: li61@cmich.edu.
2
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, College of Public Health, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA.
3
Department of Health & Biomedical Science, University of Texas Rio Grande Valley, Brownsville, TX 78520, USA.
4
Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, McGill University, Montreal, Canada.
5
Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, College of Public Health, East Tennessee State University, Johnson City, TN 37614, USA. Electronic address: wangk@etsu.edu.

Abstract

AIMS:

The associations of moderate alcohol consumption, sleep duration, and tobacco smoking with coronary heart disease (CHD) among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) are not clearly clarified. The aims of the study were to evaluate the associations of lifestyle factors, hypertension, obesity, depression and sleep duration with CHD development among patients with T2D, and particularly, to examine the gender differences in risk factors for CHD.

METHODS:

A total of 2335 T2D adults were selected from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey. Weighted univariate and multiple logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals.

RESULTS:

The CHD prevalence among patients with T2D was 14.2% (18.1% and 10.4% for males and females, respectively), which increased with age (10.3% and 19.6% for age groups 18-64 and 65+, respectively). After adjusting for other factors, weighted logistic regression analyses showed that CHD among patients with T2D was significantly associated with being male, older age, past smoking, long sleep duration, hypertension, and high cholesterol level. Furthermore, the significant association of older age, past smoking, hypertension and high cholesterol level were observed particularly in males, while the association of long sleep duration with CHD was only observed in females. Hypertension was associated with CHD for both genders.

CONCLUSIONS:

Gender, age, past smoking, long sleep duration, hypertension and high cholesterol level were significantly associated with CHD among T2D patients; however, such associations differed by gender. Such gender disparities should be considered in the prevention and treatment of T2D.

KEYWORDS:

Cholesterol; Coronary heart disease; Gender differences; Sleep duration; Smoking; Type 2 diabetes

PMID:
28119195
DOI:
10.1016/j.diabres.2016.12.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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