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J Anim Sci Biotechnol. 2017 Jan 19;8:8. doi: 10.1186/s40104-016-0135-3. eCollection 2017.

Understanding host-microbial interactions in rumen: searching the best opportunity for microbiota manipulation.

Author information

1
Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, T6G 2P5 AB Canada.
2
4-16 F, Agriculture/Forestry Center, Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, T6G 2P5 AB Canada.

Abstract

Ruminants utilize a wide variety of dietary substrates that are not digestible by the mammals, through microbial fermentation taking place in the rumen. Recent advanced molecular based approaches have allowed the characterization of rumen microbiota and its compositional changes under various treatment conditions. However, the knowledge is still limited on the impacts of variations in the rumen microbiota on host biology and function. This review summarizes the information to date on host-microbial interactions in the rumen and how we can apply such information to seek the opportunities to enhance the animal performance through manipulating the rumen function.

KEYWORDS:

Host-microbial interaction; Rumen microbial manipulation; Ruminants

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