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IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2017 Jul;64(7):1631-1637. doi: 10.1109/TBME.2016.2615241. Epub 2016 Oct 5.

The Development of a Thin-Filmed Noninvasive Tissue Perfusion Sensor to Quantify Capillary Pressure Occlusion of Explanted Organs.


A new thin-filmed perfusion sensor was developed using a heat flux gauge, thin-film thermocouple, and a heating element. This sensor, termed "CHFT+," is an enhancement of the previously established combined heat flux-temperature (CHFT) sensor technology predominately used to quantify the severity of burns [1]. The CHFT+ sensor was uniquely designed to measure tissue perfusion on explanted organs destined for transplantation, but could be functionalized and used in a wide variety of other biomedical applications. Exploiting the thin and semiflexible nature of the new CHFT+ sensor assembly, perfusion measurements can be made from the underside of the organ-providing a quantitative indirect measure of capillary pressure occlusion. Results from a live tissue test demonstrated, for the first time, the effects of pressure occlusion on an explanted porcine kidney. CHFT+ sensors were placed on top of and underneath 18 kidneys to measure and compare perfusion at perfusate temperatures of 5 and 20 °C. The data collected show a greater perfusion on the topside than the underside of the specimen for the length of the experiment. This indicates that the pressure occlusion is truly affecting the perfusion, and, thus, the overall preservation of explanted organs. Moreover, the results demonstrate the effect of preservation temperature on the tissue vasculature. Focusing on the topside perfusion only, the 20 °C perfusion was greater than the 5 °C perfusion, likely due to the vasoconstrictive response at the lower perfusion temperatures.

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