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Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2017 Jan 21. doi: 10.1007/s11904-017-0345-0. [Epub ahead of print]

Dendritic Cell Immune Responses in HIV-1 Controllers.

Author information

  • 1Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard, Massachusetts General Hospital, 400 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA.
  • 2Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard, Massachusetts General Hospital, 400 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA, 02139, USA. xyu@mgh.harvard.edu.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Robust HIV-1-specific CD8 T cell responses are currently regarded as the main correlate of immune defense in rare individuals who achieve natural, drug-free control of HIV-1; however, the mechanisms that support evolution of such powerful immune responses are not well understood. Dendritic cells (DCs) are specialized innate immune cells critical for immune recognition, immune regulation, and immune induction, but their possible contribution to HIV-1 immune defense in controllers remains ill-defined.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Recent studies suggest that myeloid DCs from controllers have improved abilities to recognize HIV-1 through cytoplasmic immune sensors, resulting in more potent, cell-intrinsic type I interferon secretion in response to viral infection. This innate immune response may facilitate DC-mediated induction of highly potent antiviral HIV-1-specific T cells. Moreover, protective HLA class I isotypes restricting HIV-1-specific CD8 T cells may influence DC function through specific interactions with innate myelomonocytic MHC class I receptors from the leukocyte immunoglobulin-like receptor family. Bi-directional interactions between dendritic cells and HIV-1-specific T cells may contribute to natural HIV-1 immune control, highlighting the importance of a fine-tuned interplay between innate and adaptive immune activities for effective antiviral immune defense.

KEYWORDS:

CD8 T cells; Dendritic cell immune responses; Dendritic cells; HIV-1 controllers; HIV-1 immune defense

PMID:
28110421
DOI:
10.1007/s11904-017-0345-0
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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