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PLoS One. 2017 Jan 20;12(1):e0167242. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0167242. eCollection 2017.

Decreased Functional Connectivity of Insular Cortex in Drug Naïve First Episode Schizophrenia: In Relation to Symptom Severity.

Author information

1
The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.
2
Department of Psychiatry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester, Massachusetts, United States of America.
3
Department of Psychiatry, the Third Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China.
4
Henan Province Biological Psychiatry Key Laboratory, Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang, China.
5
Henan Province Mental Hospital, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xinxiang Medical University, Xinxiang, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study was to examine the insular cortical functional connectivity in drug naïve patients with first episode schizophrenia and to explore the relationship between the connectivity and the severity of clinical symptoms.

METHODS:

Thirty-seven drug naïve patients with schizophrenia and 25 healthy controls were enrolled in this study. A seed-based approach was used to analyze the resting-state functional imaging data. Insular cortical connectivity maps were bilaterally extracted for group comparison and validated by voxel-based morphometry (VBM) analysis. Clinical symptoms were measured using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS).

RESULTS:

There were significant reductions in the right insular cortical connectivity with the Heschl's gyrus, anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), and caudate (p's<0.001) in the patient group compared with the healthy control (HC) group. Reduced right insular cortical connectivity with the Heschl's gyrus was further confirmed in the VBM analysis (FDR corrected p<0.05). Within the patient group, there was a significant positive relationship between the right insula-Heschl's connectivity and PANSS general psychopathology scores (r = 0.384, p = 0.019).

CONCLUSION:

Reduced insula-Heschl's functional connectivity is present in drug naïve patients with first episode schizophrenia, which might be related to the manifestation of clinical symptoms.

PMID:
28107346
PMCID:
PMC5249106
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0167242
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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