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Curr Eye Res. 2017 Jun;42(6):857-863. doi: 10.1080/02713683.2016.1262045. Epub 2017 Jan 17.

Expression Profile of the Integrin Receptor Subunits in the Guinea Pig Sclera.

Author information

1
a Berkeley School of Optometry , University of California , Berkeley , CA , USA.
2
b Berkeley Vision Science , University of California , Berkeley , CA , USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The ocular dimensional changes in myopia reflect increased scleral remodeling, and in high myopia, loss of scleral integrity leads to biomechanical weakening and continued scleral creep. As integrins, a type of cell surface receptors, have been linked to scleral remodeling, they represent potential targets for myopia therapies. As a first step, this study aimed to characterize the integrin subunits at the messenger RNA level in the sclera of the guinea pig, a more recently added but increasingly used animal model for myopia research.

METHODS:

Primers for α and β integrin subunits were designed using NCBI/UCSC Genome Browser and Primer3 software tools. Total RNA was extracted from normal scleral tissue and isolated cultured scleral fibroblasts, as well as liver and lung, as reference tissues, all from guinea pig. cDNA was produced by reverse transcription, PCR was used to amplify products of predetermined sizes, and products were sequenced using standard methods.

RESULTS:

Guinea pig scleral tissue expressed all known integrin alpha subunits except αD and αE. The latter integrin subunits were also not expressed by cultured guinea pig scleral fibroblasts; however, their expression was confirmed in guinea pig liver. In addition, isolated cultured fibroblasts did not express integrin subunits αL, αM, and αX. This difference between results for cultured cells and intact sclera presumably reflects the presence in the latter of additional cell types. Both guinea pig scleral tissue and isolated scleral fibroblasts expressed all known integrin beta subunits. All results were verified through sequencing.

CONCLUSION:

The possible contributions of integrins to scleral remodeling make them plausible targets for myopia prevention. Data from this study will help guide future ex vivo and in vitro studies directed at understanding the relationship between scleral integrins and ocular growth regulation in the guinea pig model for myopia.

KEYWORDS:

Myopia; guinea pig; integrin; sclera

PMID:
28094579
PMCID:
PMC5464978
DOI:
10.1080/02713683.2016.1262045
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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