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J Youth Adolesc. 2017 Jul;46(7):1547-1561. doi: 10.1007/s10964-017-0632-5. Epub 2017 Jan 16.

Disproportionality and Disparities among Sexual Minority Youth in Custody.

Author information

1
School of Law, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA. wilsonb@law.ucla.edu.
2
Social Welfare Department, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.
3
School of Law, University of California, Los Angeles, CA, 90095, USA.
4
Mills College, Government Program, Oakland, CA, 94613, USA.

Abstract

Research indicates that sexual minority youth are disproportionately criminalized in the U.S. and subjected to abusive treatment while in correctional facilities. However, the scope and extent of disparities based on sexual orientation remains largely overlooked in the juvenile justice literature. This study, based on a nationally representative federal agency survey conducted in 2012 (N = 8785; 9.9% girls), reveals that 39.4% of girls and 3.2% of boys in juvenile correctional facilities identified as lesbian, gay, or bisexual. These youth, particularly gay and bisexual boys, report higher rates of sexual victimization compared to their heterosexual peers. Sexual minority youth, defined as both lesbian, gay, and bisexual identified youth as well as youth who identified as straight and reported some same-sex attraction, were also 2-3 times more likely than heterosexual youth to report prior episodes of detention lasting a year or more. Implications for future research and public policy are discussed.

KEYWORDS:

Detention; Juvenile justice; Sexual minorities; Sexual violence

PMID:
28093665
PMCID:
PMC5844288
DOI:
10.1007/s10964-017-0632-5
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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