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Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2017 Jan-Feb;55(1):123-127.

[First case of chikungunya fever in Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Servicio de Epidemiología, Unidad de Medicina Familiar 37, Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social, Hermosillo, Sonora, México. miguel.martinezme296@gmail.com.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

The Chikungunya is an arbovirus first described during a 1952 outbreak of febrile exantematic disease in southern Tanganyika (now Tanzania). It is a virus within the alphavirus genus of the Togaviridae family, it is usually transmitted to humans by Aedes mosquitoes. Typically, the disease manifests as acute onset of fever and joint pains. This study describes the clinical characteristics the first imported case infected with chikungunya fever (CHIK) in Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico. We report the case of a 30 years old man seen in our emergency department due to fever, polyarthralgia, rash and headache. This patient has been in Tapachula, Chiapas, a jungle area in southern México, and he returned from a 45 days trip before the onset his symptoms. The chikungunya viral infection (CHIK) was diagnosed by RT-PCR procedure. Paracetamol therapy was administered and his clinical course was self-limited. We concluded that with the increase of mosquito´s habitat by global warming and frequent traveling, CHIK reemerged and showed global distribution recently. This disease must be suspected in patients with compatible clinical symptoms returning from epidemic/endemic areas. CHIK must be diagnosed on the basis of clinical, epidemiological and laboratory criteria.

KEYWORDS:

Alphavirus infections; Chikungunya fever; Mexico

PMID:
28092259
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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