Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Behav Addict. 2016 Mar;5(1):11-31. doi: 10.1556/2006.5.2016.018.

Life adverse experiences in relation with obesity and binge eating disorder: A systematic review.

Author information

  • 1Department of Psychology, University of Bari "Aldo Moro" , Bari, Italy.
  • 2Department of Science and Technology of Education, University of Rome "Tor Vergata" , Rome, Italy.
  • 3Eating Disorder Unit, University Psychiatric Center K.U. Leuven , Leuven, Belgium.

Abstract

Background and aims Several studies report a positive association between adverse life experiences and adult obesity. Despite the high comorbidity between binge eating disorder (BED) and obesity, few authors have studied the link between trauma and BED. In this review the association between exposure to adverse life experiences and a risk for the development of obesity and BED in adulthood is explored. Methods Based on a scientific literature review in Medline, PubMed and PsycInfo databases, the results of 70 studies (Nā€‰=ā€‰306,583 participants) were evaluated including 53 studies on relationship between adverse life experiences and obesity, 7 studies on post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms in relation to obesity, and 10 studies on the association between adverse life experiences and BED. In addition, mediating factors between the association of adverse life experiences, obesity and BED were examined. Results The majority of studies (87%) report that adverse life experiences are a risk factor for developing obesity and BED. More precisely a positive association between traumatic experiences and obesity and PTSD and obesity were found, respectively, in 85% and 86% of studies. Finally, the great majority of studies (90%) between trauma and the development of BED in adulthood strongly support this association. Meanwhile, different factors mediating between the trauma and obesity link were identified. Discussion and conclusions Although research data show a strong association between life adverse experiences and the development of obesity and BED, more research is needed to explain this association.

KEYWORDS:

binge eating disorder; obesity; trauma

PMID:
28092189
DOI:
10.1556/2006.5.2016.018
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Atypon
    Loading ...
    Support Center