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Orv Hetil. 2017 Jan;158(2):50-57. doi: 10.1556/650.2017.30637.

[Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis].

[Article in Hungarian]

Author information

1
Belgyógyászati Intézet, Gasztroenterológia Nem Önálló Tanszék, Debreceni Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Debrecen, Nagyerdei krt. 98., 4032.
2
Aneszteziológiai és Intenzív Terápiás Tanszék, Debreceni Egyetem, Általános Orvostudományi Kar Debrecen.

Abstract

Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis occurs most commonly in cirrhotic patients with ascites. Pathogens get into the circulation by intestinal translocation and colonize in peritoneal fluid. Diagnosis of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis is based on elevated polymorphonuclear leukocyte count in the ascites (>0,25 G/L). Ascites culture is often negative but aids to get information about antibiotic sensitivity in positive cases. Treatment in stable patient can be intravenous then orally administrated ciprofloxacin or amoxicillin/clavulanic acid, while in severe cases intravenous III. generation cephalosporin. Nosocomial spontaneous bacterial peritonitis often caused by Gram-positive bacteria and multi-resistant pathogens can also be expected thus carbapenem should be the choice of the empiric treatment. Antibiotic prophylaxis should be considered. Norfloxacin is used most commonly, but changes are expected due to increase in quinolone resistance. As a primary prophylaxis, a short-term antibiotic treatment is recommended after gastrointestinal bleeding for 5 days, while long-term prophylaxis is for patients with low ascites protein, and advanced disease (400 mg/day). Secondary prophylaxis is recommended for all patients recovered from spontaneous bacterial peritonitis. Due to increasing antibiotic use of antibiotics prophylaxis is debated to some degree. Orv. Hetil., 2017, 158(2), 50-57.

KEYWORDS:

antibiotic prophylaxis; intestinalis bakteriális transzlokáció; kezelés; májzsugor; profilaxis; spontaneous bacterial peritonitis; treatment

PMID:
28088889
DOI:
10.1556/650.2017.30637
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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