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J Adolesc Health. 2017 Mar;60(3):261-269. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.11.013. Epub 2017 Jan 10.

Research in the Integration of Behavioral Health for Adolescents and Young Adults in Primary Care Settings: A Systematic Review.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington; Center for Child Health, Behavior and Development, Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, Washington. Electronic address: laura.richardson@seattlechildrens.org.
2
Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington; Center for Child Health, Behavior and Development, Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, Washington.
3
Department of Pediatrics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania; Children's Hospital of Pittsburgh of the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
4
Institute for Human Development, University of California Berkeley, Berkeley, California.

Abstract

Despite the recognition that behavioral and medical health conditions are frequently intertwined, the existing health care system divides management for these issues into separate settings. This separation results in increased barriers to receipt of care and contributes to problems of underdetection, inappropriate diagnosis, and lack of treatment engagement. Adolescents and young adults with mental health conditions have some of the lowest rates of treatment for their conditions of all age groups. Integration of behavioral health into primary care settings has the potential to address these barriers and improve outcomes for adolescents and young adults. In this paper, we review the current research literature for behavioral health integration in the adolescent and young adult population and make recommendations for needed research to move the field forward.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescents; Health services; Mental health; Primary care; Young adults

PMID:
28087267
PMCID:
PMC5973784
DOI:
10.1016/j.jadohealth.2016.11.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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