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AIDS Behav. 2017 Jul;21(Suppl 1):51-61. doi: 10.1007/s10461-016-1621-5.

Monitoring HIV-Related Laws and Policies: Lessons for AIDS and Global Health in Agenda 2030.

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ICASO, 120 Carlton St., Suite 311, Toronto, ON, M5A 4K2, Canada.
Program on Global Health and Human Rights, Institute for Global Health University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
UNAIDS, 20 Avenue Appia, Geneva, Switzerland.
Global Health - Health Systems and Policy, Department of Public Health Sciences, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.


The National Commitments and Policy Instrument (NCPI) has been used to monitor AIDS-related laws and policies for over 10 years. What can be learnt from this process? Analyses draw on NCPI questionnaires, NCPI responses, the UNAIDS Law Database, survey data and responses to a 2014 survey on the NCPI. The NCPI provides the first and only systematic data on country self-reported national HIV laws and policies. High NCPI reporting rates and survey responses suggest the majority of countries consider the process relevant. Combined civil society and government engagement and reporting is integral to the NCPI. NCPI experience demonstrates its importance in describing the political and legal environment for the HIV response, for programmatic reviews and to stimulate dialogue among stakeholders, but there is a need for updating and in some instances to complement results with more objective quantitative data. We identify five areas that need to be updated in the next iteration of the NCPI and argue that the NCPI approach is relevant to participatory monitoring of targets in the health and other goals of the UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.


HIV; Human rights; Monitoring and evaluation; National Commitments and Policy Instrument (NCPI); Policy

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