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Cell Tissue Res. 2017 Apr;368(1):93-104. doi: 10.1007/s00441-016-2552-1. Epub 2017 Jan 13.

Downregulation of CITED2 contributes to TGFβ-mediated senescence of tendon-derived stem cells.

Author information

1
Department of Orthopedics, 101st Hospital of PLA, No. 101 North Xingyuan Road, Beitang District, Wuxi, Jiangsu, 214000, China.
2
Department of Orthopedics, Southwest Hospital, Third Military Medical University, Gaotanyan Street 30, Chongqing, 400038, China.
3
Department of Orthopedics, 101st Hospital of PLA, No. 101 North Xingyuan Road, Beitang District, Wuxi, Jiangsu, 214000, China. luoyuchun101@163.com.

Abstract

Tendon-derived stem cells (TDSCs) are multipotent adult stem cells with potential applications in tendon and tendon-bone junction repair. However, cellular characteristics change during in vitro passaging. Therefore, elucidation of the molecular and cellular mechanisms of tendon aging will be essential for the development of TDSC-based therapies. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of CITED2, a nuclear regulator and transforming growth factor β2 (TGFβ2) on TDSC proliferation and senescence by comparing cells derived from Achilles tendon biopsies of young individuals (Y-TDSC) with those of older patients (O-TDSC). Our results showed that CITED2 mRNA and protein expression levels were significantly higher in Y-TDSCs than in O-TDSCs and O-TDSCs displayed decreased proliferation and increased senescence compared with Y-TDSCs. Furthermore, high levels of CITED2 protein expression in Y-TDSCs correlated with the downregulation of SP1 and p21 and the upregulation of MYC, potentially indicating the mechanism by which CITED2 upregulates TDSC proliferation. TGFβ2 was found to downregulate the expression of the CITED2 gene and knockdown of CITED2 abolished the effect of TGFβ2 on TDSC proliferation and senescence. Thus, the downregulation of CITED2 contributes to TGFβ-mediated senescence providing an insight into the molecular and cellular mechanisms that contribute to tendon aging and degeneration. Our findings may aid the development of cell-based therapies for tendon repair.

KEYWORDS:

CITED2; Cell proliferation; Senescence; Tendon-derived stem cells; Transforming growth factor β2

PMID:
28084522
DOI:
10.1007/s00441-016-2552-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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